animate() method in jQuery

animate() in jQuery

The animate() method is similar to the animations in CSS property, which is used to make animations.

This method animates an elements styles to another style using the css properties.

Durations are given in milliseconds, higher values indicate slower animations.

By setting jQuery.fx.off = true all jQuery effects can be turned off globally , which in turn sets the duration to 0.

Syntax 1

$(selector).animate(properties[, duration][, easing][, complete])

  • properties - It indicate CSS properties and values.
  • duration
    • Default value is 400.
    • number - Integer values are given in milliseconds.
    • slow - It denotes 600 milliseconds.
    • fast - It denotes 200 milliseconds.
  • easing - It is optional and is used to specify the speed at which the animation progresses.It can have two values.
    • swing - It is a default value, animation progresses in an irregular way.
    • linear - It specifies that the animation progresses at a constant pace.
  • complete - It is optional. It indicates a function which will be executed after the element is hidden.
Syntax 2

$(selector).animate(properties,options)

  • options - Given below options are optional
    • duration - It can be defined by string or number and is used to determine how long the animation will run.
    • easing - It is defined by string and is used to determine for transition which easing function to be used.
    • queue - It is denoted by Boolean, and is used to determine whether to place the animation in the effects queue. When a custom queue name is used the animation does not automatically start; you must call .dequeue("queuename") to start it. If it is specified as false, the animation will begin immediately.
    • specialEasing - It is an object which contains one or more of the CSS properties and these properties are defined by arguments and its corresponding easing functions.
    • step - It is used to denote a function for each element when calling animated property.
    • progress - It is used to denote a function to be called after each step of the animation.
    • complete - It is used to denote a function, which is called after the animation on an element is complete.
    • start - It is used to denote a function, when the elements animation begins.
    • done - It is used to denote a function, when the animation on an element completes.
    • fail - It is used to denote a function, when the animation of an element fails to complete.
    • always - It is used to denote a function, when the animation on an element completes or stops without completing.

Example 1 - animate to margin-top:50px

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Example 2 - animate to margin-top:50px within 2000ms(2sec)

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Example 3 - animate() with complete function

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Example 4 - calling complete function using function name

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Example 5 - animate() with multiple css properties

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Example 6 - animate() with options

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Example 7 - animate() with options and progress bar

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